The Holloways:

Elizabeth Holloway, born in 1868 was my great grandmother, marrying my great grandfather, Charles John Barnes on the 25th March 1894 at the Holy Trinity Church in Trinity Road, Tooting. There is a story in the family that tracing the Holloway family line would be difficult as the Holloway's changed their name from Quin to Holloway. 

Here is what we know about the Holloways.

On Elizabeth Holloway's birth certificate and of that of her younger sister Charlotte born in 1868, the parents are shown as George Holloway and Elizabeth Holloway, maiden name Locock.  Both daughters were born in the registration district of St. Andrew's, Holborn. I found that George and Elizabeth were married in the parish church of St. Martin's in the Fields on the 2nd June 1861 (this is corroborated by my grandaunt Freda who had told my father that his grandparents were married in "The Strand"). The marriage certificate names the groom as George Quin Holloway and the father of the groom is named as John Quin Holloway. The marriage certificate has "full age" for George and "minor" for Elizabeth - she was under the age of 21.

However, on the 1871 census, George living at Union Terrace, St. Andrew's, Holborn is listed as "John Holloway". Also in the household are his wife Elizabeth and daughters Elizabeth (aged 4), Charlotte (aged 2) and George (aged 1). These ages are slightly out - Charlotte was born in January 1868 so would have been three by the time of the 1871 census and Elizabeth would have been five in October 1870, the parents ages are also incorrect, nevertheless the address in 1871 fits with the birth certificates of both girls and the census lists Elizabeth birthplace as "Blandford" (Dorset) so I am certain "John" Holloway is the George Quin Holloway in 1861. This change of name from George to John probably accounts for the family story and somehow has been confused with "Quin Holloway" on the marriage certificate which became just "Holloway" on subsequent birth certificates.

It is said that George and Elizabeth Holloway died when Elizabeth( the daughter) was only seven years old.  That would have been around 1872 and the family were split up with Elizabeth going to live with a "Mrs Wilson"*. Elizabeth's younger sister Charlotte would have been three or four and brother George one or two years old.  However, this is not correct as Elizabeth Holloway died aged 33 on the 17th November 1876. Elizabeth's husband George registered her death and the cause of death is recorded as secondary haemorrhage parturition - Elizabeth died after childbirth. I have not yet found an entry for a child born around that time.

It might have been that after the death of Elizabeth, the family; George and the three (or four) children went into the Holborn Union Workhouse which was in the Grays Inn Road. Charlotte and George are listed in the 1881 census as inmates of the Holborn Union Industrial School in Mitcham, Charlotte is aged thirteen and George is aged ten. Both are shown as being born at St. Andrew's, Holborn. Elizabeth is not listed as being in the Industrial School at Mitcham, but I have found an entry for an Elizabeth Holloway in the Metropolitan Infirmary in Margate, Kent. Her birthplace is shown at the Holborn Union. In fact many of the children have their birth place recorded as the Holborn Union which leads me to believe that this is the orphaned Elizabeth - the birth place indicating not her place of birth but the workhouse that sent her to the infirmary.   

Charlotte never married and died in 1934.  She is buried in Wandsworth Cemetery.   Elizabeth died in 1953.

*Mrs Wilson is I believe Elizabeth's aunt - her fathers' sister Sarah Elizabeth Holloway. A Sarah Elizabeth Wilson was a witness at Elizabeth's marriage to Charles John Barnes and I have found a possible birth entry for a Sarah Elizabeth Holloway in Lambeth 1849 (December volume 4 page page 284). I have yet to find a marriage entry but I believe Sarah Elizabeth Holloway married a Thomas Wilson in 1871 or 1872.  
 
The problem with George or "John" is that I have no idea as to his correct age.  The marriage certificate records him as "full age", i.e. over the age of majority - 21 - in 1861. As I have been unable to find an entry for George Quin Holloway in the birth indexes I can only assume he was born before civil registration came in force - or maybe his parents just didn't register him, not unusual in the early years of registration. There is another possibility - perhaps his name isn't George Quin Holloway - if the age given in the 1871 census is correct, then George/John was born around 1838/39 and he was 22 when married - a possibility and I have found a birth entry for a George Frederick Holloway.  The age given for Elizabeth in 1871 - 27 - also doesn't match with the her entry on the 1861 census where she is shown as being aged 20 - consistent with being a 'minor' on her marriage. However, the age for Elizabeth given in 1871 is consistent with her age recorded on her death certificate, so perhaps the ages for both parents on the 1871 census are correct.   
 

Census Entries:

1861 Census - Registration district STRAND
Elizabeth LACOCK, aged 20, single, a domestic servant living at 73 Dean Street, St Anns, Westminister. Birth place - Dorset.

1861 Census - Registration district BLANDFORD
Robert LOCOCK, head, aged 62, married, an ostler, born Bridport, Dorset
Ann LOCOCK, wife, aged 51, born Blandford, Dorset
Robert LOCOCK, son, aged 25, single, blacksmith, born Blandford, Dorset
William LOCOCK, son, aged 10, single, errand boy, born Blandford, Dorset

This I believe is Elizabeth's family.  There is a birth index entry for Elizabeth Locock, for Blandford in the March quarter of 1843 (Volume 8 page 20). That would mean Elizabeth was just 18 when she married.

1871 Census - Registration district HOLBORN
John Holloway, head, aged 32, born London
Elizabeth Holloway, wife, aged 27, born Dorset
Elizabeth Holloway, daughter, aged 4, born London
Charlotte Holloway, daughter, aged 2, born London
Geo Holloway, son, aged 1, born London..