The Holloways:

Elizabeth Holloway, born in 1868 was my great grandmother, marrying my great grandfather, Charles John Barnes on the 25th March 1894 at the Holy Trinity Church in Trinity Road, Tooting. There is a story in the family that tracing the Holloway family line would be difficult as the Holloway's changed their name from Quin to Holloway. 

Here is what we know about the Holloways.

On Elizabeth Holloway's birth certificate and of that of her younger sister Charlotte born in 1868, the parents are shown as George Holloway and Elizabeth Holloway, maiden name Locock.  Both daughters were born in the registration district of St. Andrew's, Holborn. I found that George and Elizabeth were married in the parish church of St. Martin's in the Fields on the 2nd June 1861 (this is corroborated by my grandaunt Freda who said that they were married in "The Strand"). The marriage certificate names the groom as George Quin Holloway and the father of the groom is named as John Quin Holloway. The marriage certificate has "full age" for George and "minor" for Elizabeth - she was eighteen. George was over the age of twenty-one and may have been a lot older, perhaps seventeen years older as the only likely birth record I could find is for 1826.

On the 1871 census, George living at Union Terrace, St. Andrew's, Holborn is shown as "John Holloway". Also in the household are his wife Elizabeth and daughters Elizabeth (aged 4), Charlotte (aged 2) and George (aged 1). These ages are slightly out - Charlotte was born in January 1868 so would have been three by the time of the 1871 census and Elizabeth would have been five in October 1870, the mothers age is correct. But why is George reporting his name as "John". The address in 1871 fits with the birth certificates of both girls and the census lists Elizabeth birthplace as "Blandford" (Dorset) so I am certain "John" Holloway in 1871 is the George Quin Holloway in 1861.

It is said in the family that George and Elizabeth Holloway died when Elizabeth( the daughter) was only seven years old.  That would have been around 1872* and the family were split up with Elizabeth going to live with a "Mrs Wilson"*. Elizabeth's younger sister Charlotte would have been three or four and brother George two years old.  However, this is not correct as Elizabeth Holloway actually died aged 33 on the 17th November 1876. Elizabeth's husband George registered her death and the cause of death is recorded as secondary haemorrhage parturition - Elizabeth died after childbirth. I have not found an entry for a child born at that time so perhaps it was stillborn. There is no record of a George Quin Holloway dying in 1876.

*UPDATE - in early 1872 a daughter Ann Elizabeth was born to George and Elizabeth, sadly Ann Elizabeth didn't survive the year and died in late 1872. Perhaps this is the death that was remembered and Elizabeth the mother confused with Ann Elizabeth the daughter.

After the death of Elizabeth, I believe the three children went into the Holborn Union Workhouse which was in the Grays Inn Road. Charlotte and George are listed in the 1881 census as inmates of the Industrial School in Mitcham, which is linked to the Holborn Union Workhouse in the Grays Inn Road. Charlotte is aged thirteen and George is aged ten. Both are shown as being born at St. Andrew's, Holborn. Elizabeth is not listed as being in the Holborn Union Industrial School at Mitcham, but in the Metropolitan Infirmary in Margate, Kent, where her birthplace is shown at the Holborn Union. In fact many of the children have their birth place recorded as the Holborn Union which leads me to believe that this is the orphaned Elizabeth - the birth place indicating not her place of birth but the workhouse that sent her to the infirmary. I have not been able to find George Quin Holloway on the 1881 census.    

Charlotte never married and died in 1934.  She is buried in Wandsworth Cemetery.   Elizabeth went on to marry Charles John Barnes and died in 1953.

*Mrs Wilson - a Sarah Elizabeth Wilson was a witness at Elizabeth's marriage to Charles John Barnes. Could this be the Mrs Wilson? 
 
The problem with George or "John" is that I have no idea as to his correct age.  The marriage certificate records him as "full age", i.e. over the age of majority - 21 - in 1861. I have found a baptismal record for a George Holloway in 1826 (Shoreditch); the father is a John Holloway and the mother is Sarah. If this is the right George, then he was thirty-five when he married Elizabeth. A seventeen year age gap, perhaps unusual but not impossible to imagine - young girl up from the country, older man from London's East End.

The 'Quin' that appears on the marriage certificate of George and Elizabeth is interesting, it's an odd middle name and his father John is shown with the same middle name. I have found in some cases of illegitimate children, the child is given the fathers surname as their middle name. This may well be the case here. Another thing of note is that the signature on the marriage certificate for George Quin Holloway appears as "J Q Holloway" not as the expected "G Q Holloway".  The family story about tracing the Holloway family line is certainly true; however it was that was researching the family history in 1926 must have had the same difficulties. Apart from the marriage in 1861 and a census entry I have yet to find anything more about George/John Holloway.  There is a possibility that he died in early 1886 in the Marylebone district, aged 61 - which fits, more or less with a birth in 1826.
 

Census Entries:

1861 Census - Registration district STRAND
Elizabeth LACOCK, aged 20, single, a domestic servant living at 73 Dean Street, St Anns, Westminister. Birth place - Dorset.

1861 Census - Registration district BLANDFORD
Robert LOCOCK, head, aged 62, married, an ostler, born Bridport, Dorset
Ann LOCOCK, wife, aged 51, born Blandford, Dorset
Robert LOCOCK, son, aged 25, single, blacksmith, born Blandford, Dorset
William LOCOCK, son, aged 10, single, errand boy, born Blandford, Dorset

This  is Elizabeth's family.  Elizabeth was in the Blandford Union Workhouse on the 5th January 1843. Elizabeth was just 18 when she married in the June of 1861. The age in the 1861 census was incorrectly reported as Elizabeth would have been only eighteen. The age shown on the 1871 census is correct.

1871 Census - Registration district HOLBORN
John Holloway, head, aged 32, born London
Elizabeth Holloway, wife, aged 27, born Dorset
Elizabeth Holloway, daughter, aged 4, born London
Charlotte Holloway, daughter, aged 2, born London
Geo Holloway, son, aged 1, born London..